Shikhar Dhawan hits a century

Karun Nair looks to seal India berth. credit Twitter

Meanwhile, the opening pair of Dhawan and Murali Vijay provided a great start to India as the home side scored 158/0 before lunch.

Troubled by two rain breaks during which Vijay found himself stuck in the 90s, the Tamil Nadu opener kept his composure to notch up his 12th Test hundred in the final session.

Ahmadzai had claimed Afghanistan's first wicket in Test cricket when left-handed Dhawan edged a probing delivery outside off stump to Rahmat Shah, who parried it towards the safe hands of Mohammed Nabi at first slip.

After Dhawan's departure, Vijay took charge of the innings by punishing Afghanistan's three-pronged spin attack of Rashid Khan, Mujeeb Ur Rahman and Nabi on both sides of the wicket.

India were 347/6 in 78 overs at the close of play on the opening day with Hardik Pandya (10 not out) and Ravichandran Ashwin (7 not out) at the crease.

But soon after reaching his century off 143 deliveries, Vijay found himself trapped leg before by Wafadar even as the review did not help his cause.

BCCI has gifted the Shaheed Vijay Singh Pathik Sports Complex in Noida, on the outskirts of New Delhi, as a temporary "home-ground" to the Afghan team.

"It's important we play our minds rather than skills, because getting back to Test from T20 cricket is all about tuning your mind rather than focusing on your skills".

Eid-ul-Fitr likely to be celebrated on Saturday: Pakistan's Met dept
Since the crescent moon which marks the new lunar month was not sighted today, Friday will be the 30th and final day of Ramazan. Yesterday, the Eid Al-Fitr holidays were announced , however the exact dates for the private sector are yet to be confirmed.

Afghans took to social media to celebrate the start of the Test, which comes amid a government ceasefire during the holy month of Ramadan. As per a report by News 18, the Chief of Afghanistan Cricket Board, Atif Mashal, also read out a statement from Afghanistan's President, Ashraf Ghani. "May sports continue to bring our people closer and strengthen ties".

S. Sabanayakan, vice president of the Kuwait-based Asian Sports Press Association, told Al Arabiya English that "India has given wings to Afghan cricket to achieve its dream of making it really big in worldwide cricket".

Afghan cricket grew out of refugee camps in Pakistan where many families were based after they fled conflict in the 1980s and 1990s.

Afghanistan was granted Test status in June previous year along with Ireland and it was soon announced that they would play their first-ever Test against the number one Test side.

They gained one-day global status in 2009 and have qualified for their second 50-over World Cup to be held in England and Wales next year. They have also been part of four Twenty20 World Cups. To note, they have won last six Test series at home.

"But no amount of war stopped me from sneaking out to play cricket with my brothers".

After impressive performances in the limited-overs formats, Afghanistan must be eager to prove they can stand the stresses of a five-day match.

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